Flowering time: July–September. Stinging or common nettles (Urtica dioica) are widespread across the U.K. Cooking stinging nettle gets rid of the stinging hairs. Urticaceae. Botanical Description. Urtica dioica. Overview Information Stinging nettle is a plant. Stinging nettle plants are often compared to spinach because they can be used in the same ways that you would normally use spinach. The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! The rootstock is used as a diuretic and as an herbal treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (prostate enlargement) and other urinary disorders. It usually pops up each spring, and easily spreads after flowering and going to seed. Tea made from the leaves has been used to treat hay fever, diabetes, gout, and arthritis, and fresh stinging leaves are sometimes applied to arthritic joints in a process known as urtification, which is said to stimulate blood flow. Realize, you must use great care when raising and preparing it for use. They also often grow in masses, forming a monoculture. Stinging nettle may seem like a risky herb to grow, but you can’t overlook its benefits. https://www.britannica.com/plant/stinging-nettle, New York State - Department of Environmental Conservation - Stinging Nettle, WebMD - Stinging Nettle: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning. Set aside an area of lawn, part of a border, or even a…, Set up a ‘nectar café’ by planting flowers for pollinating insects like bees and butterflies, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Registered charity number 207238. Additionally, stinging nettle has been used as a source of bast fibres for textiles and is sometimes used in cosmetics. In some parts of the US, stinging nettle is considered an invasive weed due to its ability to self-seed and spread through its root mass. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The stinging trichomes of the leaves and stems have bulbous tips that break off when brushed against, revealing needlelike tubes that pierce the skin. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They inject a mix of acetylcholine, formic acid, histamine, and serotonin, causing an itchy, burning rash in humans and other animals that may last up to 12 hours. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with brittle, hollow, hair-like structures. The stinging nettle is a plant found practically all over the world. Reviving nettle tea. Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, is a common plant that grows in the United States, Canada, and Europe. They are also high in protein and when cooked are very mild, tasting similar to spinach but slightly rougher. Stinging nettle is distributed nearly worldwide but is especially common in Europe, North America, North Africa, and parts of Asia. From the nutrition point of view, they pack a wallop as well. Preserving Nettle Plants. Hunting dogs running through stinging nettle thickets have been poisoned, sometimes lethally, by the massive accumulation of stings. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Stinging Nettles are rich in vitamin A, potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Scientific Name. Cover the barrel with a lid because this liquid will have a strong smell! Burning nettle, also known as small nettle or annual nettle, generally reaches heights of 5 to 24 inches (12.5 to 61 cm). Overview Information White dead nettle flower is a plant that looks like stinging nettle but doesn't cause stinging when touched. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It primarily grows in damp, fertile soil. Specimen has leaf curl and may have been poisoned or short of H2O ID: 2C2X9RM (RF) Common or Stinging Nettle (urtica dioica), close up of a cluster of the plants in flower. An upright plant with dull green, serrated leaves, covered with stinging hairs. They also bear brownish-green tassle-like flowers from May to September, quite different from the more attractive hooded flowers … Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. Fresh nettle leaves can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-5 days. The pretty small tortoiseshell is a familiar garden visitor that can be seen feeding on flowers all year-round during warm spells.…, It doesn’t matter what size your space is, there’s always room for wildflowers! Stinging Nettle Liquid Fertilizer. Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). - they are virtually indistinguishable from leaves. Inflammation is your body’s way of healing itself and fighting infections. Unlike deadnettles (Lamium), stinging nettles (Urtica) have stinging hairs that make them quickly apparent to the gardener when weeding. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. It has been grown, foraged, and harvested for thousands of years. Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. Similarly, the ovary within the female flower is haploid (1n). S oaking, cooking, … Stinging nettles are plants that are commonly found … It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. Nettle is native to Europe but now grows in damp fertile soils virtually throughout the world. If you’re a gardener who enjoys raising non-traditional herbs in your garden, stinging nettle could still be your herb of choice. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family (Urticaceae), known for its stinging leaves. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. She has her M.S.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Recognizing the plant and teaching children how to distinguish it can help avoid stinging nettle rash. Upper drooping female flowers of common Stinging Nettle / Urtica dioica in sunshine. U. dioica is known by several other common names, including "Common Nettle", "Bigsting Nettle", "Tall Nettle", and... All true nettles are a part of the Nettle Family Urticaceae. The stinging nettle is a flowering plant that, like all plants, exhibits alteration of generations. The flowers occur in the axils of leaf-like bracts. … Weigh them down with a stone and fill it up with water. They need to stay in a closed container. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission.
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