sapele wood hardness

by on December 2, 2020

It’s very close to a pommele but maybe not perfect enough to be sold as such (which this lumber yard doesn’t sell anyway). In UK (where I live), the closest match I could get was mahogany grain filler, so the wood turns a bit reddish, but feels… Read more ». We put together this write up comparing Sapele vs African Mahogany vs Utile if that might be helpful. I am think of a few coats of danish oil, then finishing off with solvent-based polyurethane. I had to repair with epoxy and Sapele shavings. I made a dining table with a sapele top and finished the tabletop with three coats of boiled linseed oil on the top, bottom, and sides, and 10 coats of polyurethane on the top with 2 coats on the bottom and sides. I have patio doors and others doors made of sapele and they have gone horrible and whatever was put on them to treat them has gone all blistery. The piece was then sculpted. I applied the oil to the bottom first, then turned the tabletop over and coated the top. Mine is in it’s finishing stages. Is the Sapele cracked or otherwise deformed? This combination resulted in a final finish remarkably beautiful and… Read more ». Now I am happy to have you as a resource for my f ..." - Robert (Read More), 200 E. Hematite Dr. | Ishpeming, MI 49849 | 877-770-9663 | 0.0189 | 127.1.1421. Also, it’s hard to keep crumb free, as the finish is not really smooth. DIMENSIONAL STABILITY: Moderate. Color tends to darken with age. X 87? By a very competent luthier. However, any of these three oils would have looked great. We’ve used Sapele for our custom doors since we can’t get the quality of mahogany from the good old days. Oh by the way tried to post an image if you upload too many images the max is one it won’t let you remove the extra image to allow for one. Sapele's propensity to exhibit such a diversity of figure types makes it a valuable source of decorative veneer. The Sapele Decking has a medium level of hardness with a rating of about 1510lbs. That would depend on what you’re planning on using to topcoat/finish the wood with. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement, few; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; reddish brown deposits occasionally present; parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates, unilateral, and marginal; rays narrow to medium, spacing normal; ripple marks present. It was a 14-¼” x 109″ 4/4 S3S at $5.10 bf. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. It’s not. sapele LATIN NAME: Entandrophragma cylindricum OTHER COMMON NAMES: sapell. Price. Like Mahogany, Sapele is used as both a top wood and a back/sides wood. As mentioned on this site, Sapele stains when in contact with iron. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, boatbuilding, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small wooden specialty items. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. We ship our work all over the U.S. so moisture content is always an issue. darkens with age if nottreated with finishing oils that will prevent oxidation Sapele is a sub-species of Mahogany and according to the Janka hardness scale Sapele is around 1500 whereas African Mahogany is much lower. Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. About 3% of these are plywoods. The first couple of coats were done using pumice stone powder to help smooth and fill with olive oil as lubricant. He is searching for ideas to salvage his work. This strips the tannins from the wood, opening up the surface to fully accept a stain. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. The stain/varnish applied to your sapele may be blistering because it was never treated with a stripper prior to applying the stain. It is a great alternative to Mahogany. Some of their other products have not been as advertised, but I put this product on the soles and the bunk faces and bulkheads and after a couple hundred days of use have been very impressed. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Sapele is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. Besides the common ribbon pattern seen on quartersawn boards, Sapele is also known for a wide variety of  other figured grain patterns, such as: pommele, quilted, mottled, wavy, beeswing, and fiddleback. Scientific Name: Entandrophragma cylindricum, Tree Size: 100-150 ft (30-45 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (670 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .50, .67, Modulus of Rupture: 15,930 lbf/in2 (109.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,746,000 lbf/in2 (12.04 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,750 lbf/in2 (60.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 7.2%, Volumetric: 12.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Vertically it is not too problematic to keep a finish on. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) … Sapele wood is of medium hardness with a Janka rating of 1510 lbs making is harder than most domestic North American Species and almost twice as hard as Genuine Mahogany. I absolutely love it to sawdust and use it for all my decorative pieces. There are exceptions but these tend to be specialised users. Is this normal for sapele? Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. Workability: Sapele can be troublesome to work in some machining operations, (i.e., planing, routing, etc. I am Pricing/Availability: Should be moderately priced for regular  plainsawn or quartersawn lumber, though figured lumber and veneer can be extremely expensive, particularly pommele or quilted Sapele. Has been used for quite some time in this regard in Europe but is only just starting to catch on here in Australia.… Read more ». FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. If I remember correctly, danish oil is linseed-based, so I think it may serve to accelerate the patina of the wood a bit if that’s something you would want. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. Gives a great finish and mellow tone, but I’ve found some of the harder woods like to try and crack anyway if I don’t do a multi dip process.… Read more », Can we use this SAPELLI WOOD [Entandrophragma cylindricum] for Doors and Window Frames ? The piece has been outdoors on display not quite three months as of this writing. Your advice is much appreciated. What’s the best wasy to stain or dye sapele to a dark mahogany color. The effect is amazing and certainly resembles rich dark mahogany. I have recently heard that the euro mills that kiln dry most of our U.S. wood only dry to 12% Has anyone heard of this being true, or should I expect to see 9-10% wood from my supplier? I work at a lumberyard in NJ and I sell a lot of sapele. I’m just adding a couple of coats this winter and look to use if in the far future. Sapele is characterised by its heavy strength and durability, interlocked grain and natural lustre. The next step was to rub in an 8-1 mix of amber lac shells and alcohol. ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. I've always used a grain filler on my African Mahogany projects but the grain on the Sapele that I currently working with is … Sapele flooring has characteristics of the Sapele tree. The Janka hardness rating measures wood to rate its suitability for flooring. Sapele finishes and glues very well but can become discolored and stained if it's in direct contact with iron. Then I repeated this process with the polyurethane,… Read more », Hats off to your patience and love to the wood and table you are making. I have been making coat racks/hooks from some sapele shelves that were being thrown out. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Most joinery in Britain will be done around 14%. I’ve just made some pieces out of Sapele and after about 7 coatings of Tung oil, the finish is so deep and luxurious, very reminiscent of mahogany. I had sapele countertops installed a few months ago. If it were me, I would apply a grain filler to the wood before final finishing, especially for a table top, but that’s just my aesthetic preference. They may darken some but should even out in color. Wondering if sapelle is compatible with radiant heat flooring? This may be your friend’s problem due to contact with his bending pipe. Please advise. Also like Mahogany, Sapele is a popular wood for guitar necks. I operate a retail building supply and special ordered six sheets of 3/4″ sapele plywood for a home owner. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. Plain Sawn Sapele … Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Sapele has a medium to coarse texture. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. OVER 100 SPECIES OF EXOTIC WOOD! Please help me out with this, We use it often for doors, door frames, mouldings. This seems like it would be a perfect wood for a baseball bat. My friend used a Sapele log to make a table with a piece of toughened glass on it. Should I be worried about cracking? I think it is the “hardeners” that are dangerous. Medium woods, cedar, not oily, always stick very well. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Sapele has been reported as a skin and respiratory irritant. Grain is straight to interlocked. The hardness of the Sapele wood makes it better than the Mahogany but as noted earlier, there is not much difference in the sound due to this. It’s as hard as epoxy once cured but unlike epoxy or polyurethane finishes is incredibly easy to repair as surface do not require stripping back but just a light, localised surface sanding before reapplication. Will the movement persist and the gaps in joints… Read more », Hello, I’m a small business owner and I machine out solid wood wind type instruments. We recently built a large wood sculpture using 4″ thick by 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ wide Sapele timbers. It was a waste of beautiful lumber, but I was making tambour door breadboxes for Christmas gifts and used most of this just to make… Read more ». Sapele is in the same family as mahogany. After sanding down, the bare sapele looks quite porous, so seems to me a good idea to use grain filler to fill the pores before applying top finish. What does it sound like. I will… Read more », Dear, Is there any one who can send me photos of Pomelle Sapele/Quilted sapele logs …how its look like …only quilted sapeli logs photos…….I am awaiting for may be some ones kind can reply soon …thanks.thanks. Sikkens Cetol 1,23 system or Cetol Door & Window is what I’d recommend for finishing Sapele. Hard for me to imagine a finish that is not food safe ONCE IT HAS CURED. "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. This Janka hardness makes it harder compared to the domestic species in North America. How to match color or fill nail holes veneer while polishing work. Sapele is 4% harder than hard Maple and 11% harder than White Oak. It will also react when put into direct contact with iron, becoming discolored and stained. I just made a cutting board with some sapele offcut I got for free! Any advice is helpful. I’m interested how yours turned out? Pretty much any finish is going to be food-safe. You will not be disappointed. Usually pronounced (sah-PELL-ey) or (sah-PEEL-ey). It brings out the wonderful glow of sapele as well. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. > Hardwoods > Apocynaceae > Alstonia > spectabilis Common Name(s): Hard milkwood, Scientific Name: (and A. macrophylla) Distribution: South and Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, and northern Australia Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: lbs/ft3 ( kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): , Janka Hardness: lbf … I read an article saying that Sapele was a dead ringer for Mahogany. Is there a better finish that would still be food safe, and do I need to sand it again? I second the Tung Oil. Chris you cal lay out the cabinet doors in brigght light (not direct sunlight though) and they probbley will even out. The wood also benefits from a distinctive red-brown colour that darkens as it matures and ages. I would appreciate your advise, I’ve installed bunks on a 135 foot schooner made of sapele and have used Daly’s FloorFin and it has held up very well. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. The Joinery company I’m using has selected Sapele for the job. Tonally, I think it’s going to be more in line with ash. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. It’s a wood stabilizer and protects against UV. It is similar to freijó, a medium density wood, whose resistance is exceptional, in addition to its beauty. Looks great. I just feel like it’s too soft. Some consider it as a utility substitute for mahogany due to the fact that it belongs to the same Meliaceae family. I compared boiled linseed oil to danish oil and pure tung oil on some smaller pieces of sapele before choosing boiled linseed oil. Janka Hardness: 1510 Sapele is about four percent harder than hard maple, roughly eleven percent harder than white oak, about fifty-one percent harder than teak, close to four percent harder than sugar maple, twenty-one percent softer than jarrah, and about twenty-two percent as hard as santos mahogany’s ranking of 2200. I am having some wooden windows in our home replaced. Alibaba.com offers 228 sapele wood hardness products. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Just my thoughts. X 5/4. Janka Hardness: 1510. https://www.dalyspaint.com/store/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=12, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany — also belonging to the Meliaceae family — and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. The oil-stained table looks blotchy and cheap, different dark spots move depending on a viewing angle. I was told Sapele is very photo sensitive. Sapele also produces a large number of dramatic figure types such as pommele, quilted and mottled. No staining, but I’m sure you could use a mahogany wipe on type finish, or a mahogany stain followed by several coatings of Tung oil, or Danish oil, or whatever you prefer. Sapele: Janka Hardness 1,410 lbf (6,280 N) The hardest of the three options. you should apply it then with a clean rag wipe off the excess oil. It’s harder than both Honduran and African Mahogany. Pain in the butt to stain due to grain going in every direction and density variation in the same piece. It dries rapidly, but the interlocked grain results in a strong tendency to warp. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. Sapele is variable in grain and colour select to suit job in hand, I was purchasing QS boards and found one in the racks that was a different that all the others. Large door panel 40? Can I use this in the vegetable garden to make trellises and tuteurs without worry of toxins? vegetable oil works will however it has to be done properly otherwise the oil gets sticky and doesn’t work well. From my experience, both methods can finish Sapele with super smooth surface and stood up so far for the heavy use in the kitchen, but oil+polyurethane is easier to apply. ), resulting in tearout due to its interlocked grain. A wide variety of sapele wood hardness options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. I had some problems routing the outline. Ripping Ash, H Maple and Sapele on the table saw are very much different. Now I am happy to have you as a resource for my f ..." - Robert (more). The problem seems to be that the wood we have been receiving has been in the 11-13% range, not the 9-10% we believe to be a more correct range. - Custom Orders Welcome: (877) 770-9663, "I have always been hesitant to buy lumber on-line. olyurethane (3 coats), which made the chairs slightly darker/richer than the table (grain filler + Polyurethane). The next and final coats were rubbed in using rotten stone powder and olive oil. I love Sapele but it’s a typical mahogany and I don’t think it’ll hold up like Ash or hard Maple that bats are traditionally used and now currently used. RELATIVE ABUNDANCE: The species is reported to be relatively secure within parts of its range but it is known to be vulnerable in Cameroon and the Ivory Coast. Would appreciate any advice on the suitable finish. On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. I am still working on the table top. JANKA HARDNESS: 1510 – 16% harder than Northern Red Oak. For approximately two weeks the uninstalled panels were stacked with small sizes on top of larger in a room about twenty feet from the nearest window. Odor: Sapele has a distinct, cedar-like scent while being worked. Sapele has a slight blunting effect on cutters, but it turns, glues, and finishes well. Sapele may be dried at the sawmill, but it is not uncommon to bring the wet wood to the U.S. for drying. Is his bending pipe dirty? No; they’re just racking up the bill on you. It is occasionally used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany, and is sometimes referred to as “Sapele Mahogany.” Technically, the two genera that are commonly associated with mahogany are Swietenia and Khaya, while Sapele is in the Entandrophragma genus, but all three are included in the broader Meliaceae family, so comparisons to true mahogany may not be too far fetched. I would expect you have to resend it before you apply another finish they may not stick to the wax. INTERESTING FACTS: Sapele is a large rain forest tree from Africa. It is commonly used as a substitute for Genuine Mahogany -- also belonging to the Meliaceae family -- and it, too, is considered moderately durable and stable. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. It reflects the force in pounds required to push a small steel ball into the wood. You should look into hardwax-oil. The name sapele comes from that of the city of Sapele in Nigeria, where there is a preponderance of the tree.African Timber and Plywood (AT&P), a division of the United Africa Company, had a factory at this location where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany, and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide. Sapele wood is easily available and is grown in abundance while Mahogany is not readily accessible. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Appearance: The contrast between its heartwood (often ranging from medium to coppery reddish brown) and its pale sapwood makes for a beautiful shiny appearance. Sapele mahogany should be cleaned with a Trisodium Phosphate Solution before applying any stain. Sapele wood for sale is an economically-important wood to the continent of Africa, and one that continues to grow in popularity in other industries beyond veneer mills, here in the US. Sapele Overview. I would love to keep the finish food safe, but the three or four coats of beeswax I applied is faded and getting dull. Comments: Sapele is a commonly exported and economically important African wood species. Juts did 8 coats on a plank of Sapele. Before setting the piece in it’s permanent outdoor location, three coats of tung oil (Waterlox Marine Sealer) were applied. Sapele is an exotic wood from West, Central, and Eastern Africa. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. P.S. Its so natural and STUNNING!!! First wood I had problem gluing. It is listed as vulnerable due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range, and exploitation. For people comparing the different options. Question from a friend; when steam bending Sapele for the sides of a 3/4 guitar it seemed to develope blackish purple mold spots. These are all produced by deviations from the normal grain pattern of the wood. The first coat was a 4-1 mix of dried amber lac shells and alcohol which helped to seal and close the pores. It sounds like the finish is the problem, and not necessarily the wood? It is also a good indicator of how hard or easy a species is to saw or nail. Much harder than African Mahogany and red oak. It also removes any residue from the milling process where wax or oils may be present from the machines used to shape/cut the material. My only reason is that I used the polyurethane on beech before, which look nice and also quite tough for everyday use in the kitchen. Odies Oil, plant based, non toxic, food safe, resists water and stains. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … It shattered the lower point of my RG shaped body. The timbers are standing on end and were glued and mechanically fastened in an interlocking pattern. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. Has anyone had experience with such? Interlocked grain produces beautiful ribbon pattern on quarter-sawn Sapele. Hard maple ranks 1,450, while red oak ranks 1,290. The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Wood Hardness Chart – Bigger, Better, More Woods July 3, 2015 June 30, 2015 by Best Bass Gear With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. It comes with an interlocking pattern wherein the fiber appears to twist as the tree grows. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Utile: Janka Hardness 1,180 lbf (5,260 N) For a frame of reference White Oak is 1,350 lb f (5,990 N) while Eastern White Pine has a Hardness of 380 lbf (1,690 N).

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sapele wood hardness